Acacia Decurrens Flower Cera is the wax obtained from the flowers of Acacia Decurrens, Leguminosae. It’s used as Emollient, Skin conditioning and Skin protecting agent.
Acetylated Glycol Stearate 乙醯化乙二醇硬脂酸酯
An ester with emollient properties for the skin and hair.
In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which a hydroxyl group (-OH) is bound to a carbon atom of an alkyl or substituted alkyl group. Of those, ethanol (C2H5OH) is the type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages, and in common speech the word alcohol means, specifically, ethanol. The most common method to produce alcohol is by fermentation of sugars (e.g. the sugar of the grapes is transformed by fermentation into ethanol to make wine). Ethanol is generally avoided in cosmetic formulations. It is not a harmful ingredient but if it is used in high percentage can dry the skin as it forms azeotropes with water. In our formulations is used in After Shave Balm for sanitation of the skin. It can also be found in traces in a few other formulations. In this case it is carried through other ingredients of the cosmetic formulation.
在化學中，醇是其中羥基（-OH）與烷基或取代的烷基的碳原子結合的任何有機化合物。其中乙醇（C 2 H 5 OH）是酒精飲料中發現的酒精類型，俗語說的酒精是指乙醇。生產酒精的最常見方法是通過發酵糖（例如葡萄糖通過發酵轉化成乙醇製成酒）。在化妝品配方中可以基本避免乙醇，它不是有害成分，但如果以高百分比使用可以使皮膚與水形成共沸物，可以乾燥皮膚。在BIOselect的配方中，用於剃鬚膏以維護皮膚。它也可以在幾種其他配方中發現，在這些情況下，它是為配合相關配方而使用。
It is used in hand creams, hand lotions, hair lotions, after shave lotions, and other skin soothing cosmetics because of its ability to help heal wounds and skin ulcers and to stimulate the growth of healthy tissue.
Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Extract 蘆薈葉萃取
Aloe Vera leaf extract is produced from the succulent leaves of the aloe plant, Aloe Barbadensis. It is used as external analgesic, humectant, oral care agent and skin-conditioning agent.
Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Juice 蘆薈葉汁
The juice obtained from the substance inside the leaves of aloe barbadensis Miller (Aloe Vera). It has a hydrating and soothing effect, and it is most commonly used in moisturizing products and sunscreens. The Plant Aloe Vera is a stemless or very short-stemmed succulent plant which only grows to 80-100 cm (31-40 in) tall. The leaves are lanceolate, thick and fleshy, green to grey-green, with a serrated margin. The flowers are produced on a spike up to 90 cm (35 in) tall, each flower pendulous, with a yellow tubular corolla 2-3 cm long. Aloe Vera is relatively easy to care for in cultivation in frost-free climates. The species requires well-drained sandy potting soil and moderate light. It has a long history of cultivation throughout the drier tropical and subtropical regions of the world, both as an ornamental plant and for herbal medicine. Aloe Vera is used externally to treat various skin conditions such as cuts, burns and eczema. Sap of Aloe Vera eases pain and reduces inflammation. Aloe Vera’s beneficial properties can be attributed to mucopolysaccharides present in the inner gel of the leaf, especially acemannan (acetylated mannans). Aloe Vera gel is useful for dry skin conditions, especially eczema around the eyes, and sensitive facial skin. An article published by the British Journal of General Practice suggests that Aloe Vera is effective in treating athlete’s foot. Researchers at the University of Miguel Hernandez in Alicante, Spain, have developed a tasteless, odorless and colorless gel based on Aloe Vera that prolongs the conservation of fresh produce, such as fresh fruit and legumes. This natural product is a safe and environmentally-friendly alternative to synthetic preservatives such as sulfur dioxide.
從蘆薈葉子（蘆薈）內的物質獲得的果汁，它具有保濕和舒緩的作用，最常用於保濕產品和防曬霜。植物蘆薈是無莖或非常短莖多汁的植物，只生長到80-100厘米高。葉片披針形，厚實肉質，綠色至灰綠色，鋸齒狀。花朵是高達90厘米的高穗，每朵花下垂，長2-3厘米的黃色管狀花冠。蘆薈在無霜的氣候中相對容易培養。該物種需要排水良好的砂盆和適度的光照。在世界各地的乾燥熱帶和亞熱帶地區，作為觀賞植物和草藥都有悠久的栽培歷史。蘆薈外用於治療各種皮膚病，如刀傷、燒傷和濕疹。蘆薈汁能減輕疼痛和炎症。蘆薈的有益性質可歸因於存在於葉內部凝膠中的粘多醣，特別是醋甘露聚醣（乙酰化甘露聚醣）。蘆薈凝膠可用於乾性皮膚狀況，特別是眼睛周圍的濕疹和敏感的面部皮膚。英國期刊“British Journal of General Practice”發表的文章表示，蘆薈可有效治療腳癬。西班牙阿利坎特米格爾埃爾南德斯大學的研究人員研發了一種基於蘆薈的無味無味無色凝膠，延長了新鮮水果和豆類等新鮮農產品的保存，這種天然產品是合成防腐劑如二氧化硫的安全和環保替代品。
Althaea Officinalis Root Extract 藥蜀葵根萃取
Althaea Officinalis Root Extract is an extract of the roots of the althaea, Althaea officinalis. It is used as Skin-Conditioning Agent.
Aluminum Tristearate 三硬脂酸鋁
A natural derived material which acts as a viscosity controlling and emulsion stabilizing agent. It has also lubricating properties.
Anthemis Nobilis (Chamomile) Flower Water* 洋甘菊花水*
Chamomile organic water, soothes, calms and hydrates sensitive skin.
Argania Spinosa (Argan) Kernel Oil* 堅果油*
Argan oil is a plant oil produced from the kernels of the argan tree (Argania spinosa L.) that is endemic to Morocco. It is used for nutritive and cosmetic properties. Cosmetic Uses Unroasted argan oil is traditionally used as a treatment for skin diseases and as a cosmetic oil for skin and hair: “In cosmetics, argan oil is advocated as moisturizing oil, against juvenile acne and flaking of the skin as well as for nourishing the hair. This oil has also medicinal uses against rheumatism and the healing of burns … Externally, argan oil is used … for hair as brilliantine, to fortify and … in the treatment of wrinkled or scaly dry skin”. Argan oil has become increasingly popular for cosmetic use. Since Argan oil is full of vitamins and antioxidants, it is commonly used in hair shampoos and conditioners to repair damage caused by coloring and straightening treatments, hair care tools, and even the sun.
堅果油是從摩洛哥流行的堅果樹（Argania spinosa L.）的籽粒產生的植物油，它富有營養和護膚品的功效。它用途廣泛，可治療皮膚病和作為皮膚和頭髮的美容油：“在化妝品中，堅果油被提倡作為保濕油，能針對青少年暗瘡和皮膚剝落以及滋養頭髮。這種油還具有抗風濕病和灼傷癒合的藥用療效...外部使用堅果油，可使頭髮亮澤和強韌...亦可減少皺紋和治療鱗狀乾性皮膚“。堅果油越來越被廣泛使用在化妝品。由於堅果油充滿了維他命和抗氧化劑，因此通常用於洗髮水和護髮素來修護經燙染、頭髮護理工具甚至陽光所造成的傷害。
Aroma (Flavor) 香氣（香精）
It is a substance that provides a product with organoleptic characteristics such as these of scent and/ or flavor.
Avena Sativa (Oat) Kernel Extract* 燕麥豌豆（燕麥）萃取物*
The broken coat of oats. Oat flower makes a bland ointment for cosmetic treatments, including soothing baths.
Ascorbyl Palmitate 維他命C棕櫚酸酯
Ascorbyl Palmitate is a compound composed of Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C) and palmitic acid, a naturally occurring fatty acid. It is used as Antioxidant; Fragrance Ingredient; and masking.
It is a colorless liquid with a mild pleasant aromatic odor. Benzyl alcohol is used as a Mild bacteriostatic preservative at low concentration in intravenous medications.
Benzyl Benzoate*** 苯甲酸芐酯***
Allergen naturally occurred in natural essential oils and perfumes
Precursor of vitamin A, improves the appearance of dry or damaged skin.
Anti-allergic, natural plant gum candy, common in wheat plant shell. Can activate Langerhans cells (responsible for the skin's external defense) and macrophages, suitable for use with the combination of fruit acids to reduce skin irritation and increase defense.
Beta-sitosterol is a substance found in plants, like fruits, vegetables, nuts, and seeds. Chemists call it a “plant sterol ester”. It is used as fragrance ingredient; and skin-conditioning agent.
Naturally occurs in chamomile. It is an anti-irritant. The CIR Expert Panel concludes this is a safe ingredient in the present practices of use and concentration.
Butyrospermum parkii (Shea) butter* 乳木果油*
The natural fat obtained from the fruit of karite tree, Butyrospermum parkii. Also called karite butter, it is widely used in moisturizers, suntan gels and creams, cleansing products, indoor tanning preparations, hair conditioners, hair tonics and lipsticks. Shea Butter is traditionally used in Africa not only as cooking oil but also as an anti-inflammatory for sprains and arthritis, healing salve and lotion for hair and skin care. Recently in clinical trials, Shea Butter was found to moisturize the epidermis and help to prevent wrinkle formation, soothe irritated skin and protect skin against climate and UV aggressions. Shea Butter also enhances cell regeneration and capillary circulation, which helps prevent and minimize stretch marks, inflammations, and scarring. The Plant is a tree indigenous to Africa, occurring in Mali, Cameroon, Congo, Côte d Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Togo, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, Burkina Faso and Uganda. The shea fruit consists of a thin, tart, nutritious pulp that surrounds a relatively large, oil-rich seed from which is extracted shea butter. Shea trees take approximately 31 years to reach maturity. A traditional food plant in Africa, this little-known vegetable has potential to improve nutrition, boost food security, foster rural development and support sustainable land care. A number of steps are required to process the seed and obtain shea butter. First, the outer pulp is removed. Second, the shea nut is shelled. Once shelled, the seed is then roasted and either ground down or pressed to extract the oils that make shea butter.
Naturally derived, promotes skin hydration and softness.
C12-15 Alkyl Benzoate C12-15醇苯甲酸酯
This ingredient is en ester of benzoic acid with long-chain (C12-15) alcohols. Mainly used as an emollient and thickening agent. It provides a light conditioning and silky after touch to the skin and hair. Excellent UV solubilizer in cosmetic creams.
Calendula officinalis flower extract 金盞花萃取物
Extract of marigold has a soothing effect, is anti-inflammatory and stimulates cell renewal. The Plant – Calendula Plants in the daisy family Asteraceae, native to the area from Macaronesia east through the Mediterranean region to Iran. It is the flower of the month October. The name Calendula stems from the Latin kalendae, meaning first day of the month, presumably because pot marigolds are in bloom at the start of most months of the year. Marigolds are considered by many gardening experts as one of the most versatile flowers to grow in a garden, especially since it is easy to grow. Seeds sown in the spring, in most soils, will germinate freely in sunny or half-sunny locations. They do best, however, if planted in sunny locations with rich, well-drained soil. The leaves are spirally arranged, 5-18 cm long, simple, and slightly hairy. The flower heads range from pastel yellow to deep orange, and are 3-7 cm across, with both ray florets and disc florets. They have a spicy aroma and are produced from spring to autumn in temperate climates. The ointment of this herb is thought to cure a range of skin problems from burns to acne as it has properties that reduces inflammation, controls bleeding and soothes irritated tissue. Use internally or topically for minor wounds, eczemas and cysts as well as diaper rash and cradle cap in infants. Also, when planted near tomato plants in the garden, Marigolds help to reduce the presence of aphids. Marigold petals are considered edible. They are often used to add color to salads, and marigold extract is commonly added to chicken feed to produce darker egg yolks. Their aroma, however, is not sweet, and resembles the smell of hops in beer. The oil from its seed contains calendic acid.
Calendula Officinalis (Marigold) Flower Extract* 金盞花（萬壽菊）萃取物*
It is a plant known as pot marigold. A number of ingredients used in cosmetics and personal care products are made from Calendula officinalis. It is used in cosmetics and personal care products as skin conditioning agent. Also functions as fragrance ingredient.
Camellia Sinensis (Green Tea) Leaf Extract 綠茶葉萃取
It has rich properties in anti-oxidant, anti-inflammation, moisturizing, nourishing, and UV absorber and can slow down signs of aging.
Cananga Odorata (Ylang Ylang) Flower Oil** 甘藍（依蘭依蘭）花油**
A natural flavor extract obtained by distillation from the flowers of Cananga tree. Light to deep yellow liquid with a harsh floral odor. Used in cola fruit spice, and ginger ale flavoring for beverages, ice cream, ices, candy and baked goods. Ylang Ylang (Canaga Odorata) is a small flower of the cananga tree. The flower is greenish yellow (rarely pink), curly like a starfish, and yields a highly fragrant essential oil. Ylang-ylang has been cultivated in temperate climates under conservatory conditions. The fragrance of ylang-ylang is rich. The essential oil of the flower is obtained through steam distillation of the flowers and separated into different grades (extra; 1; 2; 3) according to when the distillates are obtained. The main aromatic components of ylang-ylang oil is benzyl acetate, linalool and p-cresyl methyl ether and methyl benzoate, responsible for its characteristic odor. The essential oil of ylang-ylang is used in aromatherapy. It is believed to relieve high blood pressure, and normalize sebum secretion for skin problems. The oil from ylang-ylang is widely used in perfumery for oriental or floral themed perfumes. Ylang-ylang blends well with most floral, fruit and wood smells.
通過從依蘭樹的花蒸餾得到的天然香料萃取物，淺至深黃色液體，具有濃烈的花香氣味。作為可樂水果香料，以及用於飲料、冰淇淋、冰糖、糖果和烘焙食品的薑汁調味品。 甘藍（依蘭依蘭）是依蘭樹的一朵小花。花是綠黃色（很少粉紅色），捲曲如海星，並產生高度芳香的精油，一般在氣候溫和的溫室栽種。依蘭的香味濃郁，花的精油通過蒸汽蒸餾而獲得，並分為不同的等級（額外; 1; 2; 3）。依蘭鹼油的主要芳香成分是乙酸芐酯、芳樟醇和對甲酚甲基醚和苯甲酸甲酯。依蘭鹼的精油用於芳香療法，據說亦可以舒緩高血壓、和使皮膚油脂分泌正常化。來自依蘭的油被廣泛應用於東方或以花卉為主題的香水中。依蘭與大多數花香，水果和木的香味都能融合。
Candelilla Cera (Euphorbia Cerifera (Candelilla) Wax) 小燭樹蠟
Natural wax. Increases thickness of product and gives flexibility and plasticity.
Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride 辛酸/癸酸三酸甘油酯
A derivative of caprilic acid which occurs naturally in the milk of cows and goats and in palm and coconut oil. Capric acid occurs in a large group of American plants. The triglyceride is an emolient.
Caprylyl/Capryl Wheat Bran/ Straw Glycosides 辛基/癸基小麥麩/秸苷類
It is the product obtained by the glycosylation of a blend of caprylyl and capryl alcohols with the monosaccharides derived from hydrolyzed wheat bran and hydrolyzed wheat straw with surfacting and emulsifying properties.
Caprylyl Glycol 辛乙二醇
A derivative of caprilic acid which occurs naturally in the milk of cows and goats and in palm and coconut oil. Caprylyl Glycol is an alcohol that is used in hair conditioners and emollients.
Caprylhydroxamic Acid 辛醘氧肟酸
Amino acid deriving from coconut oil that acts a a mild preservative.
Cellulose Gum 纖維素膠
Cellulose gum or CMC (=carbomethoxy cellulose) is a substance commonly found in many household products, from certain foods to hair gels and laxatives. Derived from plant fibres, Cellulose gum makes a fully clear, transparent and stable Gel and has a smooth feeling on the skin.Farmed from trees and cotton is readily renewable and abundant. Cellulose gum is a key ingredient that helps maintain certain characteristics such as providing thickness to a gel or helping to keep two liquids mixed together. Most importantly, cellulose gum has been shown to be safe in all of its applications.
Cera Alba (beeswax)* 蜂蠟*
Beeswax is a natural wax produced in the bee hive of honey bees. Western honey bees use the beeswax to build honeycomb cells in which their young are raised and honey and pollen are stored. Typically, for a honey bee keeper, 10 pounds of honey yields 1 pound of wax. Its main components are palmitate, palmitoleate, hydroxypalmitate and oleate esters of long-chain (30-32 carbons) aliphatic alcohols. Beeswax is an emulsifier in cosmetics. It is often mixed with other ingredients such as olive oil. Our top quality beeswax is derived from the bees that live on the high mountains of Crete in a clean environment rich in aromatic herbs.
Cetearyl Alcohol 鯨蠟硬脂醇
It is not really an “alcohol”, such as rubbing alcohol, which would dry the skin, but it is an emulsifying wax, made by combining fatty alcohols from vegetable sources, such as coconut alcohol. It is used in many cosmetics as an emollient, thickening agent, moisturizer, emulsifier, stabilizer, opacifier as well as a carrying agent for other ingredients.
Cetearyl Ethylhexanoate 鯨蠟硬脂基乙基己酸酯
It is a cosmetic oil and has outstanding spreadability. It improves the natural/inherently water vapor penetrability of human skin. It is closely related to the biological fats of the skin. It gives a soft, supple feel to the skin. It is also an excellent film-forming agent and it gives a natural sheen to the hair. Furthermore, it improves the fluidity of emulsions. Cetearyl Ethylhexanoate is a colorless oil that is insoluble in water, freely miscible with vegetable, mineral and synthetic oils and fats. It is often used as a base oil in the production of a wide variety of cosmetic and pharmaceutical preparations.
Cetearyl Glucoside 十六烷基葡萄糖苷
Formed by the condensation of cetearyl alcohol (fatty acid) with glucose. Can be naturally derived (from coconut/corn oil) or chemically synthesized.Functions:An emulsifier used in oil in water formulations. It helps skin and hair retain moisture, and gives a velvety after touch. You can find it in a variety of cosmetic products such as facial moisturizer, sunscreen, anti-aging treatment, eye cream, foundation, conditioner, body firming lotion, hand cream and cleanser.
Cetearyl Olivate 橄欖油山梨醇脂
Cetyl Alcohol 鯨蠟醇
Cetyl Alcohol is fatty alcohol derived from palm oil used to give emulsions more stability, body and viscosity. It is white flakes with no or faint odor. It is soluble in water and alcohol. Cetyl alcohol is a non-gelling thickener, co-emulsifier, viscosity consistency enhancer, emollient, moisturizer (attracts moisture), foam booster. It is often used in lotions, creams, hair shampoos, hair conditioners, body washes, and makeup products.
Cetyl Phosphate 十六烷基磷酸鹽
This ester of cetyl alcohol (derived from palm tree) is used as an emulsifier, to bring in contact oils of plant origin with water.
Cetyl Ricinoleate 十六烷基蓖麻油酸酯
A naturally derived emulsifier.
Chamomilla Recutita (Chamomille) Flower Extract* 洋甘菊花萃取物*
Chamomile (essential oil and extract) is a plant traditionally used for its healing properties. It has skin-calming, anti-inflammatory properties and is used to care for sensitive and delicate skin. Chamomile (Anthemis nobilis) Anthemis nobilis, commonly known as Roman Camomile, Chamomile, garden chamomile, ground apple, low chamomile, or whig plant, is a low European perennial plant found in dry fields and around gardens and cultivated grounds. The stem is procumbent, the leaves alternate, bipinnate, finely dissected, and downy to glabrous. The solitary, terminal lower heads, rising 8 to twelve inches above the ground, consist of prominent yellow disk flowers and silver-white ray flowers. The flowering time is June and July. Chamomile is also used cosmetically, primarily to make a rinse for blonde hair. Anodyne, antispasmodic, aromatic, bitter tonic, stimulant stomachic. Camomile infusion is good for flatulent colic, dyspepsia, and for fever and restlessness in children. It also makes a good wash for open sores, wounds, insect bites, and other skin problems. Chamomile oil can be taken internally for colic, spasms, and stomach cramps. The flowers can also be made into a rubbing oil for swellings, callouses and painful joints. Its light fragrance is sweet, crisp, fruity and herbaceous. This makes it popular in aromatherapy, where it is used as a calming agent to end stress and aid in sleep.
Chamomilla recutita (Matricaria) (Flower/Leaf) extract* 羅馬洋甘菊（花/葉）萃取物*
It is an annual plant of the composite family Asteraceae. Matricaria chamomilla is the most popular source of the herbal product chamomile. It is of particular benefit to delicate and sensitive skin because of its skin-soothing properties.
Chondrus Crispus (Carrageenan) Powder 皺波角叉菜粉
A natural gelling agent from seaweed. It softens the hair and scalp.
Allergen naturally occurring in natural essential oils and perfumes
Allergen naturally occurring in natural essential oils and perfumes.
Citric Acid 檸檬酸
Citric Acid is derived from citrus and used primarily to adjust the pH of products to prevent them from being too alkaline or acid-alkali balance. It is also a mild preservative and sequestering agent. It is used in shampoos, conditioners, shower gels and in bath bombs, mixed with sodium bicarbonate makes the water fizz.
Allergen naturally occurring in natural essential oils and perfumes
Citrus Aurantium Bergamia (Bergamot) Fruit Oil** 香檸檬（佛手柑）果子油**
The bergamot is a small and roughly pear-shaped fragrant citrus fruit native to Calabria Italy. Bergamot grows on small trees which blossom during the spring. Bergamot peel is used in perfumery for its ability to combine with an array of scents to form a bouquet of aromas which complement each other. Approximately one third of all men’s and about half of women’s perfumes contain bergamot essential oil. In 1704 the bergamot was first used to make the now famous “Eau de toilette” from the bergamot fruit by scooping out the pulp and squeezing the peel into sponges. Bergamot has been used for hundreds of years for acne, boils, cold sores, eczema, insect bites, insect repellent, oily complexion, psoriasis, scabies, spot varicose veins, skin ulcers, wounds, sore throat, thrush, infectious disease, and depression. Its traditional uses are antiseptic, deodorant, perfume, soothing agent, skin conditioner.
佛手柑是一種原生於意大利卡拉布里亞的細小梨形的香柑橘， 它生長在春天開花的小樹上。佛手柑皮因它能與其他香氣融和的能力而被加於香料中，以形成一種混合互補的香味。約三分之一男士和女士的香水中含有佛手柑精油，早於1704年佛手柑首次被用來製作知名的 “Eau de toilette”。佛手柑在用於暗瘡、濃腫、唇皰疹、濕疹、昆蟲叮咬、驅蟲劑、油性膚色、牛皮癬、疥瘡、靜脈曲張、皮膚潰瘍、傷口、喉嚨痛、鵝口瘡、傳染病和抑鬱症等已有數百年歷史，其傳統用途是防腐劑、除臭劑、香水、潤膚劑、和護膚品。
Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Orange) Peel Oil** 柑橘（橙）果皮油**
Citrus aurantium dulcis (orange) peel oil is the oil from the fruit of the sweet orange (Citrus aurantium dulcis – also known as Citrus sinensis). It is used as a miscellaneous skin-conditioning agent as well as a fragrance ingredient. It is used for its content in alpha hydroxy acids. AHA’s can be used as water-binding agents in cosmetics, but are mostly used in modern cosmetics for their exfoliating properties and their therapeutic properties which help with and minimize photo damaged skin, which is a major contributing factor to ageing. Many a clinical reference and much research has indicated the positive effect that the correct application of alpha hydroxy acids can have on the skin, and they can be a great boon to promoting younger looking skin and to minimizing the effect of ageing. Apart from ridding the skin of unnecessary dead cells, AHAs also have a moisturizing effect on the skin, by increasing the moisture content of the upper skin and so smoothing out fine lines and wrinkles, as well as reducing dryness and combating flakiness. Long-term use of low concentration AHA’s can also increase collagen and elastin synthesis, and also boost protein regeneration in the skin. They are also very effective in dealing with hyper-keratinization (over thickening of the skin), as well as increasing the epidermal thickness and have dermal glycosaminoglycans content.
Citrus Sinensis (Orange) Peel Oil Expressed** 柑橘（橙）壓榨果皮油**
Orange oil is an essential oil produced by the fresh peel of the orange fruit (Citrus sinensis fruit). It has anti-inflammatory, mild antiseptic, as well as antidepressant properties.
Anionic surfactant, very mild and skin-friendly, derived from coconut oil and fruit sugar. In hair care products it smoothes hair structure to improve manageability.
Cocos nucifera (coconut) oil* 椰子油（椰子）油*
The coconut palm, Cocos nucifera, is found throughout the tropic and subtropic area. Coconut is known for its great versatility as seen in the many uses of its different parts. The coconut oil is widely used in soaps and cosmetics. Coconuts are used in the beauty industry in moisturizers and body butters because coconut oil, due to its chemical structure, is readily absorbed by the skin. The coconut shell may also be ground down and added to products for exfoliation of dead skin.
Cocoyl Proline 椰油基脯氨酸
Vegetable origin solubilizer for essential oils and fragrances.
Commiphora Myrrha (Myrrh) Resin extract 沒藥萃取（沒藥）樹脂萃取物
Myrrh, is the aromatic resin of a number of small, thorny tree species of the genus Commiphora, which is an essential oil termed an oleoresin. Myrrh resin is a natural gum. It has been used throughout history as a perfume and medicine. It has astringent and antiseptic properties.
Copernicia Cerifera Cera (Carnauba Wax) 棕櫚蠟（巴西棕櫚蠟）
A natural wax from the berries of the sumac Rhus succedanea. Increases thickness of product and gives flexibility and plasticity. Stabilizes oil and liquid components of emulsion.
Allergen naturally occurring in natural essential oils and perfumes.
Cucumis Sativus (Cucumber) Fruit Extract 青瓜萃取物
Extract of the fruit of the cucumber, Cucumis sativus. It is used as Skin-Conditioning Agent.
Cyathea Cumingii Leaf Extract 蚌桬欏葉萃取
A fern is any one of a group of about 20,000 species of plants classified in the phylum or division Pteridophyta. Cyathea Cumingii is a species of fern that grows in New Zealand. For centuries, Maori people used the pulp from young fronds of the Cyathea tree ferns for their wound-healing properties. It was recently realized that a polysacharite composition which can be derived from this fern is capable of forming a molecular network to give instant lift. Thanks to a unique composition of polysacharites this extract is able to form an elastic, resistant, and continuous film which tightens the skin immediately. The molecular network formed on the surface of the skin improves the coetaneous micro relief and prolongs the youthful appearance by fighting skin slackening. Fine lines and wrinkles are reduced with immediate visible results!
Cymbopogon Schoenanthus Oil 藺花香茅油
Cymbopogon Schoenanthus Oil is a volatile oil obtained by the steam distillation of fresh Cymbopogon schoenanthus grasses. It is used as Fragrance Ingredient in masking and tonic.
Daucus carota sativa (carrot) root extract 胡蘿蔔（胡蘿蔔）根萃取物
Thought to have been first grown in Afghanistan Carrot has been cultivated for 2000 years. It was used widely as a medicine for at least two hundred years but nowadays is used almost exclusively as a vegetable. In natural skin care carrot extract is recommended for conditioning cosmetics and in sun protection products, as it has a low natural SPF. It has high content of carotenoids (radical catchers). Carrot can also contribute to the color of a cream.
Daucus Carota Sativa Seed Oil 胡蘿蔔籽油
Daucus Carota Sativa (Carrot) Seed Oil is an oil obtained from the seed of the carrot, Daucuscarota sativa. It’s used as Fragrance Ingredient; and Skin-Conditioning Agent – Emollient.
Dehydroacetic Acid 脫氫乙酸
A weak acid that forms a white odorless powder with acrid taste. Used as fungi and bacteria-destroying ingredient in cosmetics. It is not reportedly irritating or allergy causing reactions.
Dehydroxanthan Gum 脫氫黃原膠
Naturally derived polymer with thickening and film-forming properties.
Product deriving from starch with thickening and water binding properties.
Dicaprylyl Carbonate 碳酸二辛酯
A solid, plant-derived fat used as emolient in skin care preparations. Caprylic acid, the ingredient used to make caprylyl carbonate, is derived from coconut oil. It has high spreading properties and leaves a dry, velvety feel to the skin and does not leave oily film on the skin.
It is oil obtained from the palm tree, Elaeis guineensis. In cosmetics and personal care products, this Palm Oil ingredient is used in the formulation of skin care products, makeup and suntan products. It is primarily used as skin conditioning agent and also may be used as viscosity agent.
A natural sugar with moisturizing properties for the skin.
Ethylhexyl methoxycinnamate 甲氧基肉桂酸乙基己酯
Organic synthetic UV filter.
Ethylhexyl palmitate 棕櫚酸乙基己酯
Ethylhexyl palmitate, or octyl palmitate, is the ester of 2-ethylhexyl alcohol (which occurs in essential oils) and palmitic acid (obtained from palm trees). Ethylhexyl palmitate is used in cosmetic formulations as a solvent, carrying agent, pigment wetting agent, fragrance fixative and emollient.
Ethylhexylglycerin is a synthetic compound derived from grains and plants and works by reducing interfacial tension on the cellular walls of micro-organisms, promoting their more rapid destruction and a wider spectrum activity. Ethylhexylglycerin serves as a surfactant and preservant enhancer and acts as a safe preservative in minute amounts. It’s a proven preservative-enhancer and is often used instead of controversial parabens.
It is the product obtained by the glycosylation of a blend of caprylyl and capryl alcohols with the monosaccharides derived from hydrolyzed wheat bran and hydrolyzed wheat straw with surfacting and solvent properties.
Gellan Gum 結冷膠
Naturally deriving polysaccharide with texturizing, stabilizing and film-forming properties.
Allergen naturally occurring in natural essential oils and perfumes.
Glycerin is present in all-natural lipids (fats), whether animal or vegetable. It can be manufactured by the hydrolysis of fats and by the fermentation of sugars. Glycerin is a humectant that aids the skins natural protection by filling in the area known as the intercellular matrix and by attracting just the right amount of water to maintain the skins homeostasis. In other words, it draws moisture to the skin. There is also research indicating that the presence of glycerin in the intercellular layer helps other skin lipids do their jobs better (Sources: American Journal of Contact Dermatitis, September 2000, pages 165–169; and Acta Dermato-Venereologica, November 1999, pages 418–421). It is supplied as a clear, viscous liquid that is water-soluble.
甘油存在於所有天然脂質（脂肪）中，無論是動物還是蔬菜，它可以通過脂肪的水解和糖的發酵來製造。甘油是一種保濕劑，通過填充被稱為細胞間基質的區域，並通過吸引適量的水來維持皮膚的穩態，從而有助於皮膚的自然保護。換句話說，它吸收了皮膚的水分。還有研究指出，細胞間層中甘油的存在有助於其他皮膚脂質更好地完成其工作（來源：American Journal of Contact Dermatitis，2000年9月，第165-169頁;以及Acta Dermato-Venereologica，1999年11月，第418-421頁）。它呈清澈、粘稠的液體狀，水溶性。
Glyceryl Behenate 甘油山崳酸酯
Emulsifier agent with surfactant properties. It conditions the skin.
Glyceryl Caprate 甘油癸酸酯
Product synthesized from palm oil deratives. Acts as a co-emulsifier while it also exhibits antimicrobial properties.
Glyceryl Hydrogenated Rosinate 甘油基氫化松香酯
Naturally derived ester that provides adhesive and stabilizing properties.
Glyceryl Linolenate 甘油亞麻酸酯
Glyceryl Linolenate is a monoester of glycerin and linolenic acid. It is used as Skin-Conditioning Agent - Emollient; Surfactant - Emulsifying Agent.
Glyceryl Oleate 油酸甘油酯
Glyceryl monoester or monoglyceride. It is prepared from glycerin and Olive oil. Is primarily used in the formulation of creams and lotions, moisturizers, and other skin care products, but other glyceryl monoesters can also be found in permanent waves, deodorants, bath soaps, eye makeup and foundations.
Glyceryl Stearate 甘油硬脂酸
Glyceryl Stearate is esterification products of glycerin and stearic acid. In cosmetics and personal care products, it is widely used in lotions, creams, powders, skin cleansing products, etc. It acts as a lubricant on the skin's surface, which gives the skin a soft and smooth appearance. It also slows the loss of water from the skin by forming a barrier on the skin's surface.
Glyceryl Stearate Citrate 甘油硬脂酸檸檬酸酯
Glyceryl stearate citrate is glycerin esterified with vegetable fatty acids. It is an excellent plant-derived self-emulsifying solid emollient.
Glyceryl Stearate SE 甘油硬脂酸SE
Glyceryl Stearate SE is made by reacting glycerin with stearic acid, a fatty acid obtained from vegetable fats and oils. It is very similar to Glyceryl Stearate but contains more glycerin.
Glyceryl Undecylenate 十一碳烯酸甘油酯
Glyceryl Undecylenate, is the ester of glycerin with undecylenic acid. It is derived from a combination of castor bean oil and rapeseed derived glycerin. It acts as emulsifier but also shows antimicrobial activity. Has skin-conditioning properties.
Glycine Soja (Soyabean) Oil* 野生大豆(黃豆)油*
Glycine Soja or Soybean (U.S.) or Soya bean (UK) (Glycine max) is a species of legume native to East Asia. The plant is classed as an oilseed rather than a pulse. It is an annual plant that has been used in China for 5,000 years as a food and a component of drugs. Soy contains significant amounts of all the essential amino acids for humans, and so is a good source of protein. Soybeans are the primary ingredient in many processed foods, including dairy product substitutes. The plant is sometimes referred to as greater bean or edamame, though the latter is more commonly used in English when referring to a specific dish. Glycine Soja Oil is used in our formulations as emollient. It firms the skin and soothes. Specific soya peptides have the ability to slow down elastin break-down and are used as an anti-ageing factor in cosmetic preparations.
Glycyrrhiza Glabra (Licorice) Root Extract* 光果甘草根萃取*
Glycyrrhiza glabra is a plant used in traditional medicine across the world for its ethnopharmacological value. It is found to contain important phytoconstituents such as glycyrrhizin, glycyrrhizinic acid, glabrin A and B and isoflavones. It is effectively used as anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, anti-diabetic, antiviral, anti-ulcer, antitussive, anti-oxidant, skin whitening, anti-diuretic agent.
Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Seed Oil 葵花籽油
Sunflower oil is the non-volatile oil expressed from sunflower seeds. Sunflower oil is commonly used in food, and in cosmetic formulations as an emollient. Sunflower oil also has suggested skin-health benefits, which can retain moisture in the skin and provides a protective barrier that resists infection.
Helianthus annuus (Sunflower) Seed oil Unsaponifiables* 葵花籽油不皂化物*
Sunflower oil is the non-volatile oil expressed from sunflower (Helianthus annuus) seeds. Sunflower oil is commonly used in cosmetic formulations as an emollient. Sunflower oil also have suggested skin-health benefits. Sunflower oil, like other oils, can retain moisture in the skin. However, it also provides a protective barrier that resists infection. Studies using sunflower oil have been conducted involving pre-term infants that are often susceptible to infection due to their underdeveloped skin.
Hibiscus Sabdariffa Flower Extract* 玫瑰茄花萃取
Hibiscus sabdariffa (Roselle) is a species of Hibiscus native to the Old World tropics. It was found that the flower extract, which is an acid, mimics the properties of Alpha Hydoxy Acids (AHAs are used in cosmeceutical skincare to enhance cell renewal).
Hydrolyzed Hibiscus Esculentus Extract 水解秋葵萃取
Hydrolyzed Hibiscus Esculentus Extract is found in a wide variety of cosmetics and skin care products, most noticeably, foundations, concealers, anti-aging products, and eye treatments. It is extracted using enzyme, acid, or some other method of hydrolysis. This extract is credited with the ability to deliver a cumulative effect that minimizes wrinkling, while also reducing the contraction of muscle cells. The seeds of Hibiscus Esculentus contain proteins from which a complex of oligopeptides (patented as Myoxinol) is extracted. The proteins offer a composition that resembles that of milk proteins. Studies indicate that these botanically derived peptides do have the ability to minimize contractions of the muscles for as long as twenty-four hours. The proteins found in Hibiscus Esculentus are also credited with minimizing the appearance of wrinkles by firming and tensing the skin. These results occur after regular use of products containing the complex of oligopeptides. Furthermore, Myoxinol contains high levels of linoleic acid, oleic acid, amino acids, and polysaccharides, delivering potent antioxidant protection that helps to prevent biological aging (oxidative damage) that occurs due to the exposure of the sun’s harsh UVA/UVB rays.
水解秋葵萃取被廣泛應用在化妝品和護膚品中，尤其是粉底、遮瑕膏、抗衰老產品和眼霜，透過用酶、酸性物質或一些水解方法萃取。這種萃取物能夠減淡皺紋，同時減少肌肉細胞的收縮。秋葵的種子含有蛋白質，從中萃取出一種寡肽複合物（專利稱為Myoxinol），它能提供類似牛奶蛋白質的組合物。研究顯示，這些植物來源的肽確實能將肌肉收縮減至長達二十四小時。在秋葵中發現的蛋白質也被認為通過緊緻和張緊皮膚來減淡皺紋的出現。這些結果發生在經常使用含有寡肽複合物的產品之後。此外，Myoxinol含有高水平的亞油酸、油酸、氨基酸和多醣，提供有效的抗氧化保護，有助於防止因暴露在陽光下的UVA / UVB射線而引起的生物老化（氧化損傷）。
Hydrolyzed Lupine Protein* 水解羽扇豆蛋白*
Hydrolyzed protein from the seeds of the lupine plant (lupinus) which are high in proteins and contain 35-45% of all the essential amino acids. Lupine protein contains a high amount of essential amino acids which provide many benefits and treatment options in the fight against premature aging. Good anti-static, regenerating and conditioning properties. Skin and hair care products, sun care, after-sun products, scalp treatments.
Hydrogenated Castor Oil* 氫化蓖麻油*
It enhances skin moisturization and softness. Creates a protective film on the skin.
Hydrogenated Olive Oil Cetyl Esters 氫化橄欖油鯨蠟醇酯類
Mixture of esters produced by the reaction of cetyl alcohol and hydrogenated olive oil with emulsion stabilizing and film forming properties
Hydrogenated Starch Hydrolysate 醣基海藻糖
Hydrogenated starch hydrosylate (HSH) is a mixture of several sugar alcohols. They are produced by the partial hydrolysis of starch – most often corn starch but also potato starch or wheat starch. This creates dextrins (glucose and short glucose chains). The hydrolyzed starch (dextrin) then undergoes hydrogenation to convert the dextrins to sugar alcohols. It is used in our formulations as a skin conditioning agent that increases water content of the top layers of the skin by drawing moisture from the surrounding air.
Hydrogenated Vegetable Oil 氫化植物油
Ingredient produced by hydrogenation of vegetable oil. Used as skin-conditioning agent; viscosity increasing agent.
A natural SPF booster.
Hypericum Perforatum (St. John's Wort) Extract* 貫葉連翹萃取*
St John’s Wort has been known throughout history as a vulnerary (wound healer) and was in its heyday on the battlefields of the Crusaders. In Greek it is known as “spathochorto” referring to its ability of healing sword wounds.
Hypericum Perforatum (St. John's Wort) Flower Extract* 貫葉連翹花萃取*
A natural organic extract. Treats, calms and improves the appearance of dry or damaged skin (including burns, bug bites, scrapes, bruises etc).
Jojoba Esters 荷荷芭酯
Jojoba esters are the hydrogenation or interesterification product of Jojoba oil. Jojoba Esters are commonly used in cosmetic formulations as an emollient, due to its remarkable similarity to the natural oils produced by the human skin, and its high oxidative stability.
Kaolin is a pure natural mineral (anhydrous aluminum silicate) composed of kaolinite with low iron content. It is an off- white fine powder that is odorless and is insoluble in water. Kaolin has great covering ability, able to absorb fats from the skin, refines pores, helps clear up breakouts, soothing properties (ideal for sensitive skin).
Lavandula Angustifolia (Lavender) Flower Water is an aqueous solution of the steam distillateobtained from the flowers of Lavandula angustifolia. It’s used as a natural fragrance Ingredient and skin-conditioning agent.
Lavandula Angustifolia (Lavender) oil 薰衣草油
The fragrant oils of Lavender flowers are used in aromatherapy, baked goods, cosmetics, skincare products, tea etc. Many people find lavender aromatherapy to be relaxing and it has been reported to have anxiolytic (anti-anxiety) effects.
Levulinic Acid 乙醯丙酸
Levulinic Acid is an organic acid. It’s used as Fragrance Ingredient and Skin-Conditioning Agent.
Limonene is a scent ingredient and solvent naturally ocurring in the rind of citrus fruit. It’s used as a fragrance ingredient.
Fragrance naturally occurring in natural essential oils and perfumes.
Macadamia Ternifolia Seed Oil 澳洲堅果籽油
Macadamia oil (or macadamia nut oil) is the non-volatile oil expressed from the nut meat of the macadamia (Macadamia integrifolia) tree. Macadamia oil is used in cosmetic formulations as an emollient or fragrance fixative. Macadamia oil contains approximately 60% oleic acid, 19% palmitoleic acid, 1-3% linoleic acid and 1-2% α-linoleic acid. Some varieties contain roughly equal omega-6 and omega-3. Macadamia oil’s rich, cushiony skin feel and high oxidative stability make it especially suitable for heavy creams and sun care formulations. Derivatives of macadamia oil in cosmetics include the light emollient ethyl macadamiate and water soluble PEG-16 macadamia glycerides. Macadamia oil is an excellent botanical replacement for mink oil in most applications. Also used for hair. Macadamia oil’s INCI name is macadamia ternifolia seed oil.
Magnesium Aluminum Silicate 矽酸鎂鋁
A synthetic UV filter.
Magnesium Stearate 硬脂酸鎂
Emulsifier and thickener.
Maltodextrin is a saccharide material obtained by hydrolysis of starch. It’s used as Absorbent; Binder; Emulsion Stabilizer; Film Former; Hair Conditioning Agent; and Skin-Conditioning Agent etc.
麥芽糊精是澱粉水解得到的醣類物質，被用作吸收劑;結合劑; 乳化穩定劑; 成膜劑; 頭髮調理劑; 和皮膚調理劑等。
Malva sylvestris (Mallow) Flower extract* 歐錦葵花萃取*
It is used for its anti-inflammatory properties as well as emollient and astringent as a natural skin treatment. The flowers and leaves are emollient and good for sensitive areas of the skin. It is applied as a poultice to reduce swelling and draw out toxins.
它被用於其抗炎特性以及作為天然皮膚處理的潤膚和收斂劑。 花和葉子是柔軟的，對皮膚敏感的區域有好處。 它是作為一種敷劑來減輕腫脹和吸出毒素。
Medicago Sativa (Alfalfa) Extract* 紫花苜蓿萃取
Medicago Sativa or Alfa-Alfa is a very high source of Vitamin C, also a source of chlorophyll and Vitamin K. In BIOselect’s formulations Alfa-Alfa is used for its tonning and anti-inflammatory properties that help the skin improve its radiance and healthy look. Also Alfa-Alfa provides the source of natural vitamin K used in the elimination of the dark circles arround the eye.
Mel (Honey)* 蜂蜜*
Honey extract. It is used as emollient in cosmetics. It is produced by the bees from the nectar of flowers. The rich nature of Mediterranean gives to the Greek honey excellent aroma.
Mentha Arvensis (Mint) Leaf Oil** 薄荷葉油**
A natural essential oil, which has a cooling effect due to menthol.
Mentha Piperita (Peppermint) Oil* 辣薄荷油*
Peppermint is sometimes regarded as the world’s oldest medicine, with archaeological evidence placing its use at least as far back as ten thousand years ago. It has a high menthol content. Peppermint Oil is recommended for the following conditions: Acne, Bites – Insect, Blackheads, Dandruff, Infection – Skin, Inflammation, Skin – Itching, Skin – Oily, Skin – Swollen, Skin – Tired, Sunburn and the like.
Microcrystalline Cellulose 微晶纖維素
Microcrystalline Cellulose is a cellulose and is derived from high quality wood pulp. While cellulose is the most abundant organic material, Microcrystalline Cellulose can only be derived from a special grade of alpha cellulose. It is a white, odourless, tasteless, extra free flowing powder which is relatively free from organic and non-organic contaminants. It is metabolically inert, and has excellent water absorptive, swelling dispersion properties. In BIOselect’s formulations it is used as emulsion stabilizer and viscosity modifier.
Myrtus Communis (Myrtle) Leaf Extract* 香桃木葉萃取*
Myrtle, a native of Mediterranean. Association with purity and chaste beauty becomes more apparent when one smells the clean, uplifting fragrance of Myrtle and the oil extracted from its flowers. The leaves and flowers were the major ingredients of “angel’s water”, a 16th century skin care lotion. The most important constituents of myrtle oil (up to 0.8% in the leaves) are myrtenol, myrtenol acetate, limonene and linalool. It is also used in folk medicine and reportedly relieves cramps, is relaxing in the bath and helps compat acne.
Myristyl Myristate 肉荳蔻酸肉荳蔻脂
A 100% natural, vegetable derived ester, combination of myristyl alcohol and myristic acid, for use as a co-emulsifier and opacifier. Myristic acid is named after the Nutmeg Myristica fragrans. Nutmeg butter is 75% trimyristin, the triglyceride of myristic acid. Besides nutmeg, myristic acid is also found in palm oil, coconut oil, butter fat, and spermacetin, the crystallized fraction of oil from the sperm whale. Myristyl Myristate gives to BIOselect products a silky, rich feel and a dry powdery feel.
Olea Europaea (Olive) Fruit oil 橄欖油
Rich in monounsaturated fats, olive oil is not only healthy to eat but it is also an excellent source of antioxidants, vitamin E and K, squalene, beta-carotene, chlorophyll, flavonoids and polyphenols. Antioxidants help slow the aging process as they neutralize the free radicals -the main agents responsible for the aging. Olive oil contains some of the most efficient antioxidants like polyphenols. It is antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, and an excellent skin toner. Olive oil may improve rheumatic conditions, inflamed, irritated skin and sensitive skin. People in the Mediterranean have been aware of these beneficial properties for a long time so they used olive oil as a nutrient and skin care agent.
Olea Europaea (Olive) Oil Unsaponifiables 橄欖油不皂化物
It is a fraction of olive oil which is not saponified in the refining recovery of olive oil fatty acids. It’s used as hair conditioning agent; skin-conditioning agent; and emollient.
Olea Europaea (Olive) Seed Powder 油橄欖籽粉
Peeling beads made of olive kernel. An excellent natural medium to be used in exfoliation. Carries all the properties of Olives.
Oleyl Alcohol 油醇
It is a clear, colorless liquid. It is found in a wide variety of products such as hair conditioners, skin moisturizers, skin cleansers and other skin care products. Oleyl Alcohol helps to form emulsions and prevent an emulsion from separating into its oil and liquid components. When used in the formulation of skin care products, it acts as a lubricants on the skin surface, which gives the skin a soft, smooth appearance.
Olivoyl hydrolyzed wheat protein 橄欖油醯基水解小麥蛋白
Combination of olive oil and wheat proteins to get a natural origin surfactant. Its proteinic structure acts as a protective barrier on the skin, obstructing the direct attack of other much more aggressive chemical surfactants.
Olus Oil 植物油
Natural vegetable oil which forms a barrier on the skin that slows the loss of water, hence enhances skin hydration.
Opuntia Ficus-Indica (Barbary Fig) Seed Oil* 梨果仙人掌籽油*
A natural oil from organic cultivation barbary fig with very powerful anti-oxidant properties, that slows down the aging of the cells. It reduces the appearance of the wrinkles and balances the redness.
Opuntia Ficus-Indica Stem Extract 梨果仙人掌莖萃取
Opuntia ficus-indica is a species of cactus. This hydrating extract is rich in antioxidants, polysaccharides, minerals and vitamins.
Origanum Dictamnus Flower/Leaf/ Stem Extract* 白鮮花/葉/莖萃取物*
Patented ingredient with panacea properties. It was used in medicine in ancient Greece for its healing and anti-inflammatory properties. Studies show that it is an excellent antioxidant trapping free radicals which are responsible for the ageing of the skin. It also has antibacterial properties contributing to the stability of the cosmetics formulations. The plant is indigenous to Crete, Greece, which likes to grow in very steep slopes on the rocky mountains of Crete. Aristotles in “The history of animals” points out that wild beasts used to eat it to help them heal themselves when injured by hunters.
擁有萬能屬性的專利成分，於古希臘的醫學已被用在治療和消炎。研究顯示它是一種很好的抗氧化劑，能夠吸去引致皮膚老化的自由基，它還具有抗菌功效，有助於化妝品配方的穩定性。 它在希臘克里特島的土生土長，喜歡在克里特島的非常陡峭的山坡上生長。 亞里士多德在“動物史”中指出，野獸曾經吃它，以幫助他們在獵人狩獵受傷時作自我修復。
Oryza Sativa (Rice) Powder 稻米粉
Oryza sativa is the plant species known in English as rice.
Oryza Sativa Starch 米澱粉
Oryza sativa is the plant species known in English as rice. The rice derived starch is used in our formulations mainly to control the viscosity of the preparation and/or or as binding agent.
Vitamin B Complex factor. Panthenol is an active ingredient for sophisticated cosmetic skin care and hair care products. It improves the appearance of skin, hair and nails. D-Panthenol is the provitamin of D-Pantothenic acid (Vita min B5). D-Pantothenic acid plays a key role in the human intermediary metabolism. It is a part of the Coenzyme A. Deficiency of Vitamin B5 results in many dermatological disorder.
Passiflora Incarnata Seed Oil 粉色西番蓮籽油
Passiflora incarnata is a fast growing perennial vine with climbing or trailing stems. It is a skin-conditioning agent.
Persea Gratissima (Avocado) Oil* 牛油果油*
The oil derived from the fruit. It is used as an emollient in organic formulations of cosmetics. Rich in Vitamins is used mainly for its antioxidant properties. Avocados also have 60% more potassium than bananas. They are rich in B vitamins, as well as vitamin E and vitamin K. In avocado is found a fatty triol (fatty alcohol) with one double bond, avocadene, which has been tested for anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties.
Phytic Acid 植酸
Phytic Acid is a hexaphosphoric acid ester of Inositol. It is used as Chelating Agent.
Phytosterols is a mixture of sterols obtained from higher plants. It is used as Skin-Conditioning Agent.
Polyglyceryl-3 polyricinoleate 聚甘油-3 聚蓖麻醇酸酯
Naturally derived ester with emuslifying properties.
Polyglyceryl-3 Stearate 聚甘油-3 硬脂酸酯
Naturally derived ester with emuslifying properties.
Polyglyceryl-4 Caprate 聚甘油-4 癸酸酯
Polyglyceryl-4 Caprate is an ester of Capric Acid (q.v.) and Polyglycerin-4 (q.v.).
Function(s): Skin-Conditioning Agent - Emollient; Surfactant - Emulsifying Agent
Polyglyceryl-5 Oleate 聚甘油-5 油酸酯
Naturally derived ester with emuslifying properties.
Pongamia Glabra (Karanja) Seed Oil* 無毛水黃皮籽油*
A natural oil from Karanja tree of organic cultivation. Boosts UV protection and soothes the skin.
Potassium Hydroxide 氫氧化鉀
Potassium hydroxide is an inorganic compound with the formula KOH. Along with sodium hydroxide, this colourless solid is a prototypical “strong base”. Physically it is a hydroscopic white powder. It is also sold in flakes or pellets. In skin care, potassium hydroxide is used in the neutalization process to adjust pH in the range that is beneficial for the skin.
Potassium Sorbate 山梨酸鉀
Potassium sorbate is used to inhibit molds, and yeasts in many foods, such as cheese, wine, yogurt, dried meats, and baked goods. It can also be found in the ingredients list of many dried fruit products. Also, it is used in many personal care products to inhibit the development of microorganisms for shelf stability. It is used by many manufacturers as safe replacement for parabens.
Prunus Amygdalus Dulcis (Sweet almond) oil 甜杏仁油
Sweet Almond oil is expressed from the seeds of the almond tree Prunus dulcis. It contains 62-86% oleic acid, 20-30% linoleic acid other valuable fatty acids, rich in beta-sitosterol, squalene vitamin E. It is insoluble in water and hardly soluble in alcohol. Sweet almond oil is pale yellow liquid, nutty odor. It is an excellent emollient (leaves the skin soft, smooth conditioned), good nourishing revitalizing effect (penetrates well the skin), moisturizer lubricant, heals injured, chapped skin. This oil is used in creams, lotions, protecting healing creams, ointments, bath oils, makeup, sun care products, personal baby care products.
Prunus armeniaca (Apricot) Kernel oil* 杏仁油*
Apricot kernel oil is taken from the kernel of the seeds yielded by the apricot tree Prunus armeniaca. It is often used in hairdressings and massage oils. It is an excellent softener for the delicate skin around the eyes, mouth and neck.
Prunus armeniaca (apricot) seed powder* 杏籽粉*
A natural, mild exfoliant from almond seeds.
It is a film former and binder. It appears as an ingredient in cosmetics and beauty products because of its solubility in water, and adhesive properties, and specifically in anti-aging products, because of its ability to provide an instant skin-tightening effect as it adheres to the skin. It is able to quickly form a sheer film that temporarily improves skin’s texture and appearance.
Ricinus Communis (Castor) Seed Oil* 蓖麻籽油*
Natural castor oil from organic cultivation. It enhances skin moisturization and softness. Creates a protective film on the skin.A compound with strong skin moisturizing properties.
Rosmarinus Officinalis (Rosemary) Leaf Extract* 迷迭香葉萃取*
A flavoring and perfume from the fresh aromatic flowering tops of the evergreen shrub grown in the Mediterranean. Widely used in hair products, bubble baths, body and hand preparations, lipsticks, suntan products, perfumes and bath soaps. The Plant Rosemary is a woody, perennial herb with fragrant evergreen needle-like leaves. It is native to the Mediterranean region. The name rosemary has nothing to do with the rose or the name Mary, but derives from the Latin name rosmarinus, which literally means “dew of the sea”. Rosemary, in the dried form, is extremely high in iron, calcium, and Vitamin B6. Rosemary infusion is used to condition, tone and strengthen all hair. It can also be used as an invigorating toner and astringent. Rosemary helps to relax muscles, including the smooth muscles of the digestive tract and uterus. Because of this property it can be used to soothe digestive upsets and relieve menstrual cramps.
Salvia Officinalis (Sage) Flower/Leaf/ Stem Water* 鼠尾草花/葉/莖水*
The most abundant ingredient in all cosmetic formulations is water. Not all cosmetics use the same water though. In BIOselect formulations they use the organic floral water (hydrosol) which is the water remaining after the distillation of Salvia Officinalis (Sage). Clinically, the chemical components in the hydrosol are natural acids, which are hydrophilic (water-loving). How does it work? Water is slightly acidified and this is beneficial to the skin and the body. Thus hydrosol acts as a healing anti-inflammatory and mild, but therapeutic antiseptic. Bacteria do not live well in acidic environments. Acidic environment is astringent thus the hydrosol is useful in skin care products because astringents constrict and contract your skin’s tissues.
Sclerotium Gum 菌類植物膠
A natural gum viscosity controlling and gelling agent with skin smoothing properties.
Sesamum Indicum (Sesame) Oil Unsaponifiables* 芝麻油不皂化物*
Anti-oxidant action against free radicals and sun exposure. Enhances skin moisturization.
Sesamum Indicum(Sesame) Seed Oil* 芝麻油*
Sesame oil is produced from sesame seeds Sesamum indicum. It is a light-yellow oil with a nutty aroma. This oil has aromatic, soothing and anti-inflammatory properties. It is also used as a skin softener and contains elements active against lice.
Simmondsia Chinensis (Jojoba) Seed oil 荷荷巴籽油
It is a pure natural oil derived from the seeds of a plant (simmondsia chinensis). Jojoba oil is a clear oily tan liquid, no or faint odor. This oil is an excellent moisturizer emollient (prevents transdermal water loss), anti-wrinkle agent (provides smoothness softness), good lubricant (without oil film, penetrates the skin), protects partly from UV radiation. It penetrates skin rapidly and nourishes, softens and moisturizes.
Sodium Anisate 茴香酸鈉
Sodium Salt of anisic acid. Anisic acid is an organic compound which is a carboxylic acid found naturally in anise and has antiseptic properties.
Sodium Benzoate 苯甲酸鈉
Sodium Benzoate is a type of salt that may occur naturally in some foods and naturally occurs in several fruits like apples, plums and cranberries. It is used as preservatives in cosmetics.
Sodium Chloride 氯化鈉
Common salt. It usually comes into the formulation through neutralization process in order to achieve the desired pH.
Sodium Coco-Glucoside Tartrate 椰油基-葡糖苷酒石酸酯鈉
Naturally derived and mild surfactant.
Sodium Cocoyl Glutamate 椰油醯谷氨酸鈉
Naturally derived and mild surfactant.
Sodium Dehydroacetate 脫氫乙酸鈉
Sodium Dehydroacetate is an ingredient with antimicrobial properties hence used as a preservative. It appears in a variety of products, including bath, skin care, sunscreen, fragrance, shaving, hair and nail care products.
Sodium Gluconate 葡糖酸鈉
A natural essential oil with mild antiseptic properties.
Sodium Hyaluronate 透明質酸鈉
Sodium hyaluronate is the sodium salt of hyaluronic acid, a natural substance found in great abundance in young skin. Hyaluronic acid is a special mucopolysaccharide occurring naturally throughout the human body. It is the most effective humectant available and so is able to bind water within the intercellular structure of the skin. Very high quality hyaluronic acid can be extracted from vegetable sources such as soybean or corn, using a fermentation process involving bacteria. Its unmatched hydrating properties result finally in increased smoothness, softening and decreased wrinkles. The consistency and tissue-friendliness of hyaluronic acid allows it to be used in skin-care products as an excellent moisturizer. It is one of the most hydrophilic molecules in nature and can be described as “Natures moisturizer”.
Sodium Hydroxide 氫氧化鈉
The most common alkali used to neutralize the cosmetics formulation and achieve the Ph of the skin.
Sodium Lauroamphoacetate 桂醯兩性基乙酸鈉
It is an amphoteric organic compound used as hair conditioning agent, cleansing agent and foam booster.
Sodium Lauroyl Glutamate 月桂醯谷氨酸鈉
Softener and hair conditioner.
Sodium Lauroyl Sarcosinate 月桂醯肌氨酸鈉
Sarcosinate Surfactants are mild, biodegradable anionic surfactants derived from fatty acids and sarcosine (amino acid). These compounds features lather building and resistance to sebum. Sodium Lauroyl Sarcosinate is used as a foaming and cleansing agent for shampoo, shaving foams and foam washes.
Sodium Levulinate 乙醯丙酸鈉
Sodium Levulinate is the sodium salt of levulinic acid, and is used as a preservative and skin conditioning agent in cosmetics and personal care products. Levulinic acid is prepared in the lab from sucrose or in bulk from biomass.
Sodium PCA 鈉羥基皮酪烷酮
Sodium PCA is a derivative of naturally occurring amino acid proline; it is used as a conditioning agent.
Sodium Phytate 植酸鈉
Sodium salt of Phytic acid. Phytic acid occurs in nature in the seeds of cereal grains and is derived commercially from corn. It is the principal storage form of phosphorus in many plant tissues, especially bran and seeds. Phytic acid may be considered a phytonutrient, providing an antioxidant effect and act as a chelating agent.
Sodium Stearoyl Lactylate 硬脂醯乳醯乳酸鈉
Sodium Stearoyl Lactylate is multi-purpose cosmetic ingredient. Due to its amphiphilic character it is used as co-emulsifier, co-surfactant, or hair-care-products. Sodium Stearoyl Lactylate is a natural source self-emulsifier for oil in water emulsions. It is produced by the reaction between the acyl group of stearic acid (occuring in many animal and vegetable fats and oils eg cocoa) and lactic acid (found in milk products). Lactic acid and fatty acids are natural moisturizing factor (NMF) constituents that are found in the skin. This ingredient is an excellent viscosity enhancer, stabilizer, and conditioner. It is contributing to a complete, balanced and highly desirable emulsification system. In our products it is responsible for the soft, conditioned, talc-like feel to skin.
Solanum Lycopersicum (Tomato) Fruit Extract 番茄果萃取
Solanum Lycopersicum (Tomato) Fruit Extract is an extract of the leaves, stems and fruit of the tomato. It is used as Skin-Conditioning Agent and Astringent.
Sorbic Acid 山梨酸
A naturally-derived preservative.
Sorbitan Olivate 橄欖油鯨蠟醇酯
Sorbitan olivate is a surfactant based on olive oil and sorbitol and is used as surfactant - emulsifying agent.
Sorbitan Sesquioleate 山梨坦倍半油酸酯
A naturally derived emulsifier and skin conditioner.
Sorbitan Stearate 硬脂酸己六酯
A natural emulsifier.
Derived from plant sources, like olive oil and sugarcane, Squalane is used as an emollient and moisturizer.
Derived from vegetable such as olive oil, wheat germ oil, rice bran oil, etc. as emollients and moisturizer, squalene is a naturally occurring lipid. It is used as skin-conditioning agent emollient and hair conditioning agent.
Stearic Acid 硬脂酸
Occurs naturally in butter acids, and other fats and oils. The white waxy natural fatty acid, it is the major ingredient used in making bar soaps and lubricants. It is contained also in most cosmetics creams. It gives pearliness to hand creams.
Stevia Rebaudiana Extract 甜葉菊萃取
Stevia is rich in flavonoids which have anti-radical properties and hence it is use in a wide range of cosmetic applications including moisturizing creams, after-sun care, shampoos, and anti-aging creams.
Sucrose Cocoate 蔗糖椰子酸酯
A naturally derived moisturizer and emulsifier.
Sucrose Laurate 蔗糖月桂酸酯
It is a mixture of Sucrose combined with Lauric Acid. In BIOselect’s products Sucrose Laurate is used as emulsifying and skin conditioning agent.
Sucrose Polysoyate 蔗糖多大豆油酸酯
This high molecular sucrose ester is made by combining soy and sugar ingredients. It forms an exceptional persistent semi-occlusive film on the skin. This film displays minimal migration, excellent wear-off resistance and provide improved actives deposition and retention. It also not only improves skin elasticity and suppleness, but gives the skincare product a smooth afterfeel.
Sucrose Stearate 蔗糖硬脂酸酯
It is a mixture of Sucrose combined with Stearic Acid. In our products Sucrose Stearate is used as emulsifying and skin conditioning agent.
Theobroma Cacao (Cocoa) Seed Butter* 可可脂*
Commonly referred to as Cocoa Butter, a vegetable oil derived from the seeds of the tropical Cacao tree, which becomes solid at room temperature. It softens the skin and protects it against environmental influences.
Titanium dioxide 二氧化鈦
Titanium Dioxide is found in nature as the mineral or it may be prepared by direct combination of titanium and oxygen. It is a white powder used as a thickening, whitening, lubricating, and sunscreen ingredient in cosmetics. It protects skin from UVA and UVB radiation and is considered to have no risk of skin irritation.
Tocopherols are a class of naturally occurring chemical compounds related to Vitamin E. Its antioxidant properties can protect the cells of the skin against free radicals and at the same time protect the product against oxidation. It is also an effective moisturizing agent and improves the elasticity of the skin. It can be used in skin care products for daily use, but it is particularly useful in sun care products.
Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Seed Oil 葡萄籽油
Grape seed oil is obtained from the seeds of grape plant, Vitis vinifera. It’s used as Skin-Conditioning Agent and emollient.
Xanthan Gum 黃原膠
Xanthan gum is a polysaccharide used as a food additive and rheology modifier. It is produced by a process involving fermentation of glucose or sucrose. In cosmetics it is used to prepare water gels usually in conjunction with bentonite clays. Is also used in oil-in-water emulsions to help stabilize the oil droplets against coalescence. It has some skin hydrating properties.
It is a starch obtained from corn and used as abrasive, absorbent, skin protectant, and viscosity increasing agent.
Zingiber Officinale (Ginger) Root Extract 薑根萃取
It is an extract of the roots of the ginger, Zingiberofficinale. It’s used as Fragrance Ingredient and Skin-Conditioning.
Zinc Oxide 氧化鋅
Inert earth mineral with skin protecting and UV protection properties.